The Cremona violins are vastly superior in quality, but these famous instruments are extremely expensive, and so very few people can actually play one. However, through advances in technology, we can easily obtain instruments that are very similar to these famous instruments. Yamaha used the latest technology to perform a painstaking analysis of the violins of Antonio Stradivari and Guarneri del Gesu, and using this data, they have combined technology that reproduces the hand-finished results of the past with an artisans skill to produce high quality, reasonably priced violins. These are the Artida models S and G.
The S model has rigid shoulders, and the f-holes run just about parallel with the line of the body, while the G model has sloping shoulders, and the f-holes are more slanted. Each has its own characteristic tone.
The preferred material for the stick of the french violin bow has been pernambuco wood, which only grows in the Amazon delta region in South America. Originally, it was exported to Germany for use in creating dyes, but because of its unusual hardness, it began to be used to make bows. However, in recent years, this natural resource has began to become depleted. Tree farms were also created, but it takes 30 years for this tree to attain full growth.
The carbon bow shown in the figure below uses carbon instead of wood. Developed to protect the global environment while ensuring that the seeds of music continue to germinate, carbon bows have has good gripping characteristics and are long lasting.